"[26], It has seen 50 incidents where several flight displays were lost. Seat Width: The distance between the inner sides of the armrests on a seat. [67], The A320 retained the dark cockpit (where an indicator is off when its system is running; useful for drawing attention to dysfunctions when an indicator is lit) from the A310, the first widebody designed to be operated without a flight engineer and influenced by Bernard Ziegler, first Airbus CEO Henri Ziegler's son.[68]. Seat Width: The distance between the inner sides of the armrests on a seat. Up to 150 seats can be configured within the Airbus A320 cabin, and the aircraft can travel 5,280 nm. Gratis trener słownictwa, tabele odmian czasowników, wymowa. Because the cabin is wider, the curvature is less aggressive on the Airbus. [16] On 1 March 1984 the government and the manufacturer agreed that £50 million would be paid whether the A320 would fly or not, while the rest would be paid as a levy on each aircraft sold. On this aircraft, through March 30, 2021, middle seats (typically seats “B” and “E”) will be blocked from selection for parties of 1-2. [16], The UK, France and West Germany wanted the responsibility of final assembly and the associated duties, known as "work-share arguments". However, on 3 June 2011, Airbus announced all partners would end the passenger to freighter programme, citing high demand for used airframes for passenger service. The programme was called the AE31X, and covered the 95-seat AE316 and 115- to 125-seat AE317. [11][26] The aircraft would be a minimum-changed derivative, apart from a number of minor modifications to the wing, and the fuselage stretch itself. The twinjet has a six-abreast cross-section and is powered by either CFM56 or IAE V2500 turbofans, except the CFM56/PW6000 powered A318. In 1988, when the A320 was launched, the maximum seating capacity was 179 seats. Airbus Aircraft Family: A320 Thanks to the new enhanced seating capacity of the A320 combined with innovative upgrade solutions, operators can now generate increased revenues from cabin space. Find the best airplanes seats, information on legroom, recline and in-flight entertainment using our detailed online seating charts. [16] The A321-100 entered service in January 1994 with Lufthansa. [11] VFW-Fokker, Dornier and Hawker Siddeley worked on a number of 150-seat designs.[10]. To that end, it adopted composite primary structures, centre-of-gravity control using fuel, glass cockpit (EFIS) and a two-crew flight deck. The Airbus A320 family are narrow-body airliners designed and produced by Airbus. The A320 airframe includes composite materials and aluminium alloys to save weight and reduce the total number of parts to decrease the maintenance costs. [8] These cuts reduced passenger capacity from 124 on the A319 to 107 passengers in a two-class layout. [19] In October 1983, British Caledonian placed seven firm orders, bringing total orders to more than 80. [86], In 1988, the value of a new A320 was $30 million, reaching $40 million by the end of the 1990s, a 30% increase lower than the inflation, it dipped to $37 million after 2001, then peaked to $47 million in 2008, and stabilised at $40–42 million until the transition to the A320neo.[87]. Airframes would be converted by Elbe Flugzeugwerke GmbH (EFW) in Dresden, Germany, and Zhukovsky, Russia. Airbus launched the sharklet blended wingtip device during the November 2009 Dubai Airshow: installation adds 200 kg (440 lb) but offers a 3.5% fuel burn reduction on flights over 2,800 km (1,500 nmi). From midnight 14 September, p hysical distancing is no longer required on NZ domestic flights. [39], As Airbus targets a 60 monthly global production rate by mid-2019, the Tianjin line delivered 51 in 2016 and it could assemble six per month from four as it starts producing A320neos in 2017; 147 Airbus were delivered in 2016 in China, 20% of its production, mostly A320-family, a 47% market share as the country should become the world's largest market ahead of the US before 2027. It is part of the Airbus A320 family, the world’s best selling aircraft line. Compared to other airliners of the same class, the A320 features a wider single-aisle cabin of 3.95 metres (156 in) outside diameter,[28] compared to 3.8 m (148 in) of the Boeing 737 or 757, and larger overhead bins. Airbus A320-200 The A320 is the founding member of the A320 family, the world's first fly-by-wire jetliner family. [23] The flight test programme took 1,200 hours on 530 flights. The A320 is 37.6 m (123 ft) long and can accommodate 150 to 186 passengers. Make Model MSN Max Seating Capacity REG No. [10][11] It was abandoned after intruding on A310 specifications. A total of 1,460 of the A319ceo model have been delivered with 24 remaining on order as of 30 September 2017. To make the A320 more attractive to passengers, and therefore airlines, Airbus decided to make a wider cabin than their competitors. [11] These aircraft, the first to be manufactured, were delivered to Air Inter – later acquired by Air France – and British Airways as a result of an order from British Caledonian made prior to its acquisition. It is powered by the same engine types as the A320. Air France and British Airways have been the only operators to operate all four variants of the A320ceo family. It should replace older converted Boeing 757s with 14 positions on the main deck and 10 on the lower, lifting up to 27.9 t (62,000 lb) over 4,300 km (2,300 nmi). With the widest single-aisle cabin and a variety of seating configurations, passengers can travel with comfort. Final assembly takes place in Toulouse in France; Hamburg in Germany; Tianjin in China since 2009; and in Mobile, Alabama in the United States since April 2016. On 23 March 1995, the first A319 underwent final assembly at Airbus' German plant in Hamburg, where the A321s are also assembled. In December 2011, Airbus filed suit in the western district of Texas over Aviation Partners' claims of infringement of its patents on winglet design and construction which were granted in 1993. Both configurations have 180 Economy seats. [82] The follow-on aircraft to replace the A320 was named A30X. [11][28][29] The length increase required the overwing exits of the A320 to be enlarged and repositioned in front of and behind the wings. The A320 is the world's first airliner with digital fly-by-wire (FBW) flight control system: input commands through the side-stick are interpreted by flight control computers and transmitted to flight control surfaces within the flight envelope protection; in the 1980s the computer-controlled dynamic system of the Dassault Mirage 2000 fighter cross-fertilised the Airbus team which tested FBW on an A300. Basic domestic A320 service, nothing more. The first member of the family was followed by the longer A321 (first delivered in January 1994), the shorter A319 (April 1996), and the even shorter A318 (July 2003). This now allows up to 189 seats on the A320, and up to 160 seats on the A319. [3][78], For the entire A320 family, 159 major aviation accidents and incidents have occurred,[108] including 47 hull loss accidents (latest one being Pakistan International Airlines Flight 8303 on 22 May 2020),[109] and a total of 1393 fatalities. [22], In the presence of then French Prime Minister Jacques Chirac and the Prince and Princess of Wales, the first A320 was rolled out of the final assembly line on 14 February 1987 and made its maiden flight on 22 February in 3 hours and 23 minutes from Toulouse. Today all variants are available as corporate jets. [10] The programme was later transferred to Airbus, leading up to the creation of the Single-Aisle (SA) studies in 1980, led by former leader of JET programme, Derek Brown. [8] Although identical to those of the A320, these engines are derated because of the A319's lower MTOW. [17] At this time, Airbus had 96 orders. [11] The A319 has proved popular with low-cost airlines such as EasyJet, who has orders for 172, with 172 delivered. Navigation can be closed using the escape key, Maximum dimensions for an assistive device carried in the cargo hold: 47 in (height) x 70 in (width), Maximum weight for an assistive device carried in the cargo hold: 150 lb/sq ft. Parties of 3 or more can book adjacent seats together. It is 4% more efficient than the CFM56, with cruise thrust specific fuel consumption for the -A5 at 0.574 and 0.596 lb/lbf/h (16.3 and 16.9 g/kN/s) for the CFM56-5A1. The six-month head-start of the A320neo allowed Airbus to rack up 1,000 orders before Boeing announced the MAX. Lufthansa and Alitalia were the first to order the stretched Airbuses, with 20 and 40 aircraft requested, respectively. [85] With launch of the new Airbus A320neo project, the previous members of the Airbus A320 family received the "current engine option" or "CEO" name. [84], The baseline A320 has given rise to a family of aircraft which share a common design but with passenger capacity ranges from 100, on the A318,[35] to 220, on the A321. [13][14] It was based at the then British Aerospace (formerly Vickers) site in Weybridge, Surrey, UK. length. Plans from a number of European aircraft manufacturers called for a successor to the relatively successful BAC One-Eleven, and to replace the 737-200 and DC-9. [18]:49 One of the most significant orders was when Northwest Airlines placed an order for 100 A320s in October 1986, later confirmed at the 1990 Farnborough Airshow, powered by CFM56 engines.[18]:49–50. From the moment of formation, Airbus had begun studies into derivatives of the Airbus A300B in support of this long-term goal. With more than 400 orders before the aircraft even took flight (especially compared to the earlier A300 that only had 15 orders), the A320 series would quickly become a staple product for the company. Business Class. [111] In February 1990 another A320, Indian Airlines Flight 605, crash-landed short of the airport runway in Bangalore, the ensuing fire contributed to the casualty count of 92 of 146 on board. Accommodation (165 seats) 145 seats. The A320 was launched in March 1984, first flew on 22 February 1987, and was introduced in April 1988 by Air France. The Toulouse Blagnac final assembly line builds A320s, whereas the Hamburg Finkenwerder final assembly line builds A318s, A319s, and A321s. The launch customer AerCap signed a firm contract on 16 July 2008 to convert 30 of AerCap's passenger A320/A321s into A320/A321P2F (passenger to freighter). The Airbus A318 is the smallest member of the Airbus A320 family. [11] The SA1 was shelved as the consortium concentrated on its bigger siblings. There are currently two types of A320-200 aircraft configuration in operation. [15], The programme was launched on 2 March 1984. [29] They compete with the 737, 757, and 717. After healthy sales of the A320/A321, Airbus re-focused on what was then known as the A320M-7, meaning A320 minus seven fuselage frames. The direct Boeing competitor is the Boeing 737-700. They are A318, A319, A320 and A321. [8] The aircraft is the smallest product of Airbus's product range, and was developed coincidentally at the same time as the largest commercial aircraft in history, the Airbus A380. [34] Range was settled at 5,200 km (2,800 nmi) and 5,800 km (3,100 nmi) for the high gross weights of both variants. The Airbus A320 family are low-wing cantilever monoplanes with a conventional empennage with a single vertical stabilizer and rudder. [107], As of December 2020[update], a total of 9,693 A320 family aircraft had been delivered with 51 A320ceos (4 A319s, 18 A320s, and 29 A321s) to be delivered. [8] After three years of design, the maiden flight took place at Hamburg on 15 January 2002. The new A320neo will offer 189 seats in an all-economy class layout. [54] The 2.5 metres (8 ft 2 in) tall devices are manufactured by Korean Air Aerospace Division. [101], As of December 2020[update], there were 9,160 A320 family aircraft in commercial service with over 330 operators. [114], Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era, For the Airbus A320neo or New Engine Option variants, see, Final assembly in France (Toulouse), Germany (Hamburg), China (Tianjin), and the United States (Mobile, Alabama), At 30 September 2017, Airbus still list American Airlines and US Airways as separate operators. [47] The A319 is 3.73 m (12 ft 3 in) shorter than the A320. It has a stretched fuselage which was the first derivative of the baseline A320 and entered service in 1994 about six years after the original A320. [37] On 22 July 2003, first delivery for launch customer Frontier Airlines occurred,[8] entering service before the end of the month. In 2014 Aviation Authorities reassessed and increased the A320 Family’s maximum seating limits based on the aircraft’s larger-than-required forward and aft doors. [28][31][32] Air Arabia ’s aircraft are all configured with a single cabin of economy class seats (162 passengers in total) with a generous 32-inch seat pitch. Its closest Boeing competitors are the 737-900/900ER,[86] and the 757-200. The SpaceFlex module allows ultimate efficiency in the cabin with 28” seat row pitch. The economy cabin on Frontier's A320 features 162 standard seats in a 3-3 configuration. [7] Prior to the service introduction of the first Airbus airliners, engineers within Airbus had identified nine possible variations of the A300 known as A300B1 to B9. Airbus A320-200 (320) Airbus A320-200 (320) Blocking Seats for More Space On Board. The A320's flight deck is equipped with Electronic Flight Instrument System (EFIS) with side-stick controllers. A comprehensive plane profile and seating map of the A320-200 aircraft. The family of single-aisle middle-size Airbus aircraft comprises four models offering two-class seating capacity for 107-185 passengers. [27] A total of 1,562 of the A321ceo model have been delivered, with 231 remaining on order as of 30 September 2017.[3]. American Airlines is the world's largest airline operator of the A320 family of aircraft with 392 aircraft in service as of 30 September 2017.[3]. [42], In September 2019, Airbus reached a milestone with the delivery of the 9000th A320-family aircraft to Easyjet. It is part of the Airbus A320 family, the world’s best selling aircraft line. American airlines airbus a320 320 seat map american airlines airbus a320 320 seat map. [15], France was willing to commit to a launch aid, or subsidies, while the Germans were more cautious. [100], The Indian Defence Ministry greenlit the modification by the Defence Research and Development Organisation of six Air India A320s into Airborne early warning and control planes for Rs 10,5000 crore (US$149} million). The second production line was located at Hamburg, which would also subsequently produce the smaller Airbus A319 and A318. The A320 cabin is slightly wider, which is a win for passenger comfort. [72], The CFM56, with an unmixed exhaust, is available on all variants, The IAE V2500, with a mixed exhaust, equips the larger variants, The PW6000 is available on the smallest A318, The Joint Aviation Authorities (JAA) issued the type certificate for the A320 on 26 February 1988. 16.34 in - 18.33 in / 32 in -33 in. All variants are able to be ETOPS (Extended-range Twin-engine Operational Performance Standards) certified for 180 minutes since 2004 (EASA) and 2006 (FAA). [24], The first derivative of the A320 was the Airbus A321, also known as the Stretched A320, A320-500 and A325. It is the largest commercial aircraft certified by the European Aviation Safety Agency for steep approach operations, allowing flights at airports such as London City Airport. As an airliner family, it is also rapidly approaching the title of the most sold aircraft in the world. [3] The closest Boeing competitor is the 737-800. 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